Are there still operational, targeted nuclear weapons, on ballistic missiles, which would explode as they hit the ground to form a crater kilometres across and hundreds of metres deep, unlike air burst nuclear explosions, from cruise missile delivery?

The U.S. To comply with the START II most US multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles, or MIRVs, have been eliminated and replaced with single warhead missiles. The bomber force consists of 94 B-52s, and 19 B-2s. These are all of the Minuteman III ICBM variants. The Strategic Air Command which for decades had kept nuclear weapons aboard bomber aircraft aloft 24 hours a day was disbanded in 1992 and merged into the US Strategic Command. maintains about 400 nuclear gravity bombs capable of use by F-15, F-16, and F-35. – Heavy bomber group:

The US Air Force also operates a strategic nuclear bomber fleet. Some Trident missiles are equipped with the W88 warhead.. Peacekeeper missiles were phased out of the Air Force inventory in 2005. Other warheads are in some step of the disassembly process.”

“- Land-based intercontinental ballistic and cruise missiles (ICBMs)

The US Air Force currently operates about 450-500 ICBMs at around 15 missile complexes located primarily in the northern Rocky Mountain states and the Dakotas. The first Minuteman III were removed under this plan in 2007 while, at the same time, the warheads deployed on Minuteman IIIs began to be upgraded from smaller W62s to larger W87s from decommissioned Peacekeeper missiles.

- Sea-based ICBMs:

The US Navy currently has 14 SSBN Ohio-class submarines deployed. All USAF Minuteman II missiles have been destroyed in accordance to START and their launch silos sealed or sold to the public. However, since the abandonment of the START II treaty, the U.S. is said to be considering retaining 500 warheads on 450 missiles. Sea-launch weapons make up the majority of weapons declared under START II rules. Approximately 12 U.S. All 64 B-1s were retrofitted to operate in a solely conventional mode by 2007 and are no longer counted as nuclear forces.

In addition to this, the US armed forces can also deploy tactical smaller nuclear weapons either through cruise missiles or with conventional fighter-bombers. Each submarine is equipped with a complement of 24 Trident II missiles. Some 350 of these bombs are deployed at seven airbases in six European NATO countries[11]; of these, 180 tactical B61 nuclear bombs fall under a nuclear sharing arrangement.”

Source and further information:

“For 2007, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists listed the U.S. with about 5,400 total nuclear warheads: around 3,575 strategic and 500 nonstrategic warheads; and about 1,260 additional warheads held in the inactive stockpile. goal under the SORT treaty is to reduce from 1,600 warheads deployed on over 500 missiles in 2003 to 500 warheads on 450 missiles in 2012. attack submarines are equipped to launch, but do not currently carry nuclear Tomahawk missiles. The U.S

CNN – Report: Stolen data gives China advanced nuclear know-how

State Department issues travel warning for China

May 10, 1999

According to the Cox report, China penetrated U.S. “Ballistic and space launch programs have long been intertwined.”

According to investigators, the CIA first learned of the extent of the Chinese espionage in 1995 when a Chinese national approached the agency and turned over a secret Chinese government document.

Also among the purloined blueprints for weapons of mass destruction: the W-88 warhead, described as “the most sophisticated nuclear weapon the United States has ever built.”

The report credits Energy Secretary Bill Richardson for making long-needed security improvements to the nation’s vulnerable nuclear labs, run by the Department of Energy.

“It means that we’re going to be preparing ourselves to defend against American technology used against us,” said Rep.


Details of the Cox report have been trickling out for weeks amid a growing criticism of the Clinton administration’s response to fix the security lapse after it was exposed in 1995.

‘China’s appetite … Such information would likely find its way into the PRC’s ballistic missile program,” the congressional report said.

“It’s not good news,” he said. Christopher Cox (R-California), chairman of the House select committee that conducted the year-long investigation.

External sites are not endorsed by CNN Interactive.

Chinese knowledge increased by decades

The report also reveals allegations that China stole design information about U.S. “The world is a lot less safer today as a consequence of these thefts.”


Shelby: Reno should resign over China espionage probe

May 23, 1999

Report: China benefited from stolen nuclear secrets

May 20, 1999

Congressman calls alleged Chinese spying ‘grave’

May 16, 1999

Sources: Report finds China stole ‘sensitive’ nuclear data

May 14, 1999

Reno defends computer-search caution in Los Alamos case

May 13, 1999

Senate spotlights nuclear security lapses

May 12, 1999

U.S. satellite manufacturers Loral Corp. submarine radar technology and illegally obtained secrets about U.S. missile guidance systems through satellite launch deals with American companies.

“It means that in addition to paying for our own defense, we are actually paying to arm a potential adversary,” Cox said.

. nuclear labs, stealing secrets about the U.S. neutron bomb and every warhead in the U.S. and Hughes Electronics allegedly gave China unauthorized design information. design information during the next decade, according to a congressional report on Chinese nuclear espionage that will be released officially Tuesday.

In March, Richardson fired a longtime scientist at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, Wen Ho Lee, because of security violations as well as suspicions of espionage.


Chinese Embassy to the U.S.

Office of the Director of Central Intelligence

Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China

China Today

Department of Energy

Department of Justice

  • Attorney General Janet Reno

The White House

  • National Security Council

  • Biography of Samuel Berger

Los Alamos National Laboratory

‘It’s not good news’

May 24, 1999

Web posted at: 10:42 p.m. “To advertise in some cases something about their strength that they want you to know; in other cases, to promote disinformation.”

“What the PRC (People’s Republic of China) has stolen has enabled them to jump over decades of incremental development that were necessary, for example, for the United States,” said Cox.

Cox also has accused China of obtaining information through the use of “front companies” in the United States — a method he said is “far broader than previously realized.”

The CIA later determined that the person who turned over the document worked for Chinese intelligence.

The report by his committee said “China’s appetite for information and technology appears to be insatiable and the energy devoted to the task enormous.”

“… EDT (0242 GMT)

But following the failures of some of those launches, U.S. companies seeking waivers to launch satellites on Chinese rockets.

The sharpest criticism for the theft of U.S. intelligence has determined the technology espionage by the Chinese, dating back to the late 1970s and continuing through the 1980s and ’90s, “has leaped, in a handful of years, from 1950s-era strategic nuclear capabilities to the more modern thermonuclear weapon design.”

WASHINGTON (CNN) — China could begin production of advanced thermonuclear weapons based on stolen U.S. nuclear secrets is directed toward the Clinton administration and how slowly it reacted when word of the espionage surfaced.

The report concludes: Chinese “penetration of our national weapons laboratories spans at least the past several decades and almost certainly continues today.”

Note: Pages will open in a new browser window

Those weapons “may be tested in 1999 and could be deployed as soon as 2002,” the report states.

“Some of the most significant thefts have occurred during the last four years,” Cox said.

According to the report, U.S. insatiable’

All of the weapons could target the United States.

“In many cases, a little piece of information might seem innocuous, but if you collect enough of them through the so-called matrix technique … nuclear arsenal — including those for the MX Peacekeeper and Minuteman III missiles.

“It does make one wonder how it is, how others who possessed this information could so readily have dismissed it, or not acted upon it,” Cox said.

The House investigative committee was formed in the wake of accusations that campaign contributions might have influenced the Clinton administration to give favorable trade treatment to U.S. you can learn a great deal about military matters in the United States,” Cox said.

Bob Franken and Pierre Thomas contributed to this report.

“There are a number of reasons that intelligence services direct information this way,” Cox said

AT&T Debuts Exclusive Xperia(TM) TL, Sony’s Best in Mobile Camera Technology, HD Viewing and NFC Connectivity.

Android (TM) is a trademark of Google Inc. This ATT news release and other

announcements are available at and as part

of an RSS feed at . LTE is a trademark of ETSI. The full

range of accessories may not be available in every market. Album will be especially appealing to photo takers with

features such as:

* 4.6″ HD Reality Display powered by the Mobile BRAVIA


* 13MP quick launch-fast capture camera that goes from sleep to snap

in just over a second

* Easy connectivity with ‘One-touch’ function enabled by


* Latest generation 1.5GHz dual core processor for improved battery

efficiency and fast graphics performance

* Geo-mapping in satellite and traditional map views

Sony “make.believe” and Bravia are trademarks or

registered trademarks of Sony Corporation. and the products and

services provided by ATT subsidiaries and affiliates is available

at . Xperia arc is also the winner of the prestigious red dot

Product Design Award 2011. playing games. Compatible device and data plan required. All other

trademarks or registered trademarks are property of their respective


***4G speeds not available everywhere. Xperia arc was announced at CES in January

2011 followed up by the announcement of Xperia arc S announced at IFA


* Android version 4.0.4 (Ice Cream Sandwich).

** Xperia arc S and Xperia arc are winners of the EISA (European

Imaging and Sound Association) award for European Camera Phone

2011-2012. Or follow our news on Twitter at



* Available in Black . This high resolution camera captures

quality images swiftly with its quick launch feature, going from standby

mode (sleep) to first shot in just 1.5 seconds,[sup.1] making sure

life’s unexpected moments are not missed. With other carriers, when you travel outside of

their LTE coverage area, you may be on a much slower 3G network.

Limited 4G LTE availability in select markets. Learn more at LTE is a trademark of

ETSI. 4G speeds delivered

by LTE, or HSPA+ with enhanced backhaul, where available. To

get started with experiencing NFC, Xperia TL comes with one Xperia

SmartTag in box. under the ATT brand

and not by ATT Inc. The viewing experience on Xperia TL is

accentuated by a stylish, slim form factor that emphasizes the display.

For those looking to take their content from their smartphone screen to

the TV screen, Xperia TL connects through MHL or wirelessly through



Key Specs for Xperia TL:

* Full 1080p HD video recording and a 720p HD front camera for the

highest quality content

* Improved layout of photo and video folders, both in device and


Photo enthusiasts will delight in the impressive images taken with

Xperia TL’s 13-megapixel primary camera that brings even the

smallest of details to life. Mobile

broadband not available in all areas. All rights reserved. 3) Actual

size of screen is approximately 4.55″. Camera capabilities are

accurate as the date of this release.

*ATT products and services are provided or offered by

subsidiaries and affiliates of ATT Inc. All other marks

contained herein are the property of their respective owners.

1) Facts and features may vary depending on local variant. Using near field communication technology, SmartTags

let you store device preferences for a variety of locations and

situations – like opening and controlling volume on the music player if

you head out for a run, turning on GPS and Bluetooth in the car or

turning on your alarm and silencing your ringer at night.

(c) 2012 ATT Intellectual Property.

Sony Entertainment Network services are subject to availability by

region, please see for more details.

COPYRIGHT 2012 PR Newswire Association LLC

No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.

To make enjoying content across devices even easier, Xperia TL

supports ‘One-touch’ connectivity through NFC. “PlayStation is a

registered trademark or a trademark of Sony Computer Entertainment Inc.

Xperia is a trademark or registered trademark of Sony Mobile

Communications AB.

Xperia TL includes three preloaded Sony media applications, Walkman,

Movies, and Album, introducing a consistent user interface across Sony

devices. Limited 4G LTE availability

in select markets. DALLAS, Oct. Kit

contents and colour options may differ from market to market. Sony is the trademark or

registered trademark of Sony Corporation. Upgradable to Android

version 4.1 (Jelly Bean) following launch.

Additional information about ATT Inc. 2)

Operational times are affected by network preferences, type of SIM card,

connected accessories and various activities e.g. All rights reserved.

* MHL connectivity for viewing content on a big screen without the

need for a charger

* More than 25 editing options

Xperia TL gives you the ultimate in HD with a superb 4.6-inch HD

display (1080 x 720), powered by the Mobile BRAVIA Engine for razor

sharp clarity and brilliance. Now, you can

conveniently and instantaneously enjoy your music and photos across an

array of NFC enabled devices by simply touching one to another to

establish a wireless connection without a cumbersome pairing process. 1, 2012 /PRNewswire/ — ATT* today announced plans

to offer Xperia TL, the latest Sony smartphone bringing Sony’s best

HD experiences, easy connectivity with ‘One-touch’ sharing

enabled by NFC (Near Field Communications) and award-winning** arc

design. Deployment

ongoing. Plus, both the rear and

front-facing cameras deliver HD recording capabilities for vivid video

capture on the go.

About ATT

ATT customers have access to the nation’s largest 4G

network***, covering 275 million people. Xperia is the trademark or

registered trademark of Sony Mobile Communications AB. Learn more at ATT has two 4G networks

that work together for customers, LTE and HSPA+ with enhanced backhaul.

That means ATT customers are able to enjoy a widespread, ultra-fast

and consistent 4G experience on their compatible device as they move in

and out of LTE areas. ATT, the ATT logo and

all other marks contained herein are trademarks of ATT Intellectual

Property and/or ATT affiliated companies. This 4G LTE smartphone takes connected entertainment to the next

level with new Sony media applications.

Xperia TL Will be Featured in the Upcoming James Bond Cinema Release


Copyright 2012 Gale, Cengage Learning

America’s War Years on the Home Front (1941-1945)

Nevertheless, those jobs also caused extra burdens on a great many women and especially those with children. The government’s image of Rosie was determined, loyal, patriotic and attractive.  The Rosie image was…well…quite rosy. (I was four years old when my mother worked at Douglas Aircraft during the war but she finally had to quit because she could not afford rent, and other costs of living including a daily baby sitter for me. The government                   sponsored ads, radio shows and posters in a propaganda campaign that supported positive public opinion. It is directed by Anthony Hemingway and is a must see motion picture. Now the people were privy to the idea that America was ruled by a mixture of politicians and wealthy business leaders. was not a fan of laissez-faire, however. Roosevelt won his second term in a landslide which was the biggest win in American history–523 electro votes! This in spite of the fact that at least one third of the nation remained “ill housed,” ill-clad” and Ill-nourished.”  The depression years were still taking their toll. We left California and returned to Colorado Springs where she began to waitress again).

I believe that it is important to start this story nearly ten years before America would be going into the war; back to 1932 when Franklin D. In some cases entire families lived in cardboard or some other make shift houses. After the war, men and women were anxious to regain what they had lost between 1941 and 1945.

The Roosevelt administration made two vital changes. In the meantime Germans continued to sink American vessels if we can belief the reports. Soldiers from all branches of the military home on leave before “shipping over” or simply in the service were in jeopardy of never seeing their next birthday much less having the time to plan for next year’s wedding. During those years it was not unusual for children to be told to eat every bit of food on their plates and be thankful for it because there were children in Europe with nothing to eat at all. And, back then the axiom that tells us “a penny saved is a penny earned” was meaningful Indeed. Washington was well aware that our response to our setting an embargo of scrap iron and oil was taking a high risk of Japan declaring war. Much of that propaganda said that every American needed to do their part–without complaint–and most Americans, as is said, stood tall.

The reason the U.S. This is why we have so little art for our size of a nation in comparison to so many other places on the planet. This creates suspicion of all pre-war propaganda especially when we study the reasons we fought in the Spanish/American War).


At home one of the first changes that took place was rationing.

Sometimes entire American communities would join together in a scrap-iron drives. The black men persisted however and earned their wings. (One reason the opportunity came about in the first place was the support of the beloved Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of Franklin D., who stood strongly behind the program and greatly favored the idea of lifting prejudices that especially belittled black servicemen).

What is little known is that around 25,000 American Natives served in the military during World War II. had also warned Japan about putting more bases in the northern part of French Indochina which of course included Vietnam. In fact, the Mexican government agreed to a program that permitted braceros (contract labor) to come into the states to work for limited amounts of time. (1) *Laissez-faire had created a Darwinistic philosophy that worked people long hours for little pay and often in dangerous conditions while the fat cats of industry and business kept getting…well…fatter! And (2) Laissez-faire simply created a non-compassionate greed that eventuated into the bank failures which were far more intrinsic to the “great” depression than was Wall Street.       

Even during the depression days of the 1930s the general lifestyle of America romanticized home, mom and apple pie as a metaphor for the warmth and joy of family life. At the time very few Americans knew the real details of the concentration camps or had an idea of the real suffering going on by millions of human beings. It is said that 20 million victory gardens supplied around 40% of the country’s vegetables.

World War II is, without any doubt whatsoever the most romantic era in all of history. The soldiers set fire to some of the huts, and soon the whole encampment was ablaze.

Once war was declared a great many Americans either joined the armed forces or were drafted. Heart! And that leadership, at bottom line is mere demagoguery and so to be aware and cautious of all political “wizards.”

There were out of work, hungry Word War I veterans who marched on Washington in 1932 holding government bonus certificates due many years in the future but calling for Congress to pay off in the present. However, this “fight-for-right” belief did not simply occur. Back then the family unit was considered the backbone of the entire nation and, for a great many Americans there really wasn’t “any place like home sweet home.”

I was a small child during the war years with little understanding of what was going on but I remember overhearing adult conversations and wondering why so many tears were being shed. General Douglas MacArthur was in charge of the operations. Actually during the depression many Mexican farm workers were deported to give desperate whites jobs but during the labor shortage of the war they were gladly rehired and still being hired to this day.

An Unexpected View of History

Developing the N.R.A. Just about every man, woman and child who were not in the military were left with a feeling that he or she had done their part to make America a victorious nation over a very vicious enemy.

Not all food items were scarce of course. Nevertheless, a great many did only to discover that they were thought of as being a lesser value to the war effort than whites were; an unfair and ignorant attitude but one that even the government held especially because many racist whites refused to even fight alongside blacks at the time. As it turned out, World War II created a most admirable cohesiveness of the American people that had ever consisted in its history. The votes were overwhelmingly in Roosevelt’s favor who won by 5 million votes over the Republican President, Herbert Hoover and well over the Socialist candidate, Norman Thomas who managed only to gather around under 885,000 votes and the communist candidate that was only given around 100,000 votes. Some called it fascism! Certainly it put a lot of restraints on big business that changed the notions of free enterprise itself and, subtly supporting unionization considered, by many, as out and out communism at the time.

There had begun a chipping away of government being “of, for and by the people” and a construct of “them and us” began to prevail in the hearts of a great many suffering Americans who felt abandoned by the White House. (Remember blatant lies were told the American People about American ships being fired upon in Bay of Tonkin to create support for expanding the war in Vietnam. In ancient times gold, goats, cattle and virgins were the booty of victory today it is world markets and other controls. Patton was one of the officers. All in all, over twenty thousand arrived in D.C. As said, with few exceptions the American people had been united by the war effort. In this recognition it is accurate to say that American individualism has gone the way of high top shoes and whalebone corsets.

By 1923 big business and government were public bedfellows as opposed to being a closet relationship as it (mostly) had been in the past at least to the ordinary citizen. Then the Army moved across the bridge to Anacostia. “Blue Stamp” rationing covered canned, bottled, juices, dry beans, vegetables and juices. And when the show is over, you will feel more educated on racial issues than perhaps you ever might have been. Actually, when one thinks about it, had a Japanese squadron of bombers planned to raid a city at night, they would have had spies set off flairs or beam lights into the air as a guide to the darkened city.  On the other hand a renegade attack say, from a submarine–which happened by the way–a blackout would certainly make it impossible to line up an effective shot. Industrial Recovery Act) which would be President Roosevelt’s first failure as it would be denied as unconstitutional. This had always been the case–most of the founding fathers were successful businessmen and during the Civil War days and the unfolding of the Industrial Age–men like J.P. This had been a result of American government creating laws meant to protect the individual from himself; something that would have made the forefathers roll over in their graves. A lot of the Indian soldiers coming home from overseas chose to stay off the reservation and adopted city life for themselves.

The Mexican population also grew over the war years. Every family was issued a “Wear Ration Book” so that each family would have their fair share of the available food supply and that the wealthy couldn’t hoard. Indeed, I was among the last individual recipients to be given America’s NEA Award for playwriting back in the 1970s when now the only art grants that are given are given directly to non-profit bureaucracies. Not every working person in the country owned a car at the time and a great many people just continued walking to work as they had done before the war.

               In view of those births out of wedlock, however, we must remember that during the war years it is essential for the prudes of morality to realize that both males and females tried to cram a lifetime of living into virtual moments of togetherness. Nevertheless, the Southeast Pacific was of tremendous economic importance to the U.S. Before the war any woman who had sex before marriage was considered cheap and yes, sinful by those in the center of the American society. Not that an eventual attack by the Japanese was not expected. That is, whoever wasn’t “us” was “them” and whoever were a “them” were deemed enemies. camps) that employed 500,000 workers. moves from neutrality to non-belligerency. In any case, the Tuskegee airmen proved their value to the war effort and to the world time and time again during the war. President.

America’s War Years on the Home Front (1941-1945)

World War II American was also Imperfect

The men in training were put through a virtue hell during the process of earning their wings. Anyway, all in all, we Americans were extremely fortunate that our country never saw the horrors that that Europeans saw during those war years.

In spite of the military’s double standard, obvious prejudices the black pilots becoming known to be the most feared by German pilots. Marlando

        Food and gasoline started the rationing program but other items followed immediately like rubber, scrap metal, nylon (practically everything) so government could control supply and demand and assures the vast military that it would be supplied with their needs. It didn’t. Bill (National. After all, America was standing in the way of Japan’s ambitions to control the tin, rubber and oil of Southeast Asia, a formable challenge to American markets. Well, those war years between 1939 and 1945 were hellish years with the rivers of blood running deep across much of our planet, even before our entrance into the battle fields in 1941.  When we entered the war after Pearl Harbor, however, we became a country of unwavering determination; a proud and cohesive people.

(As a quick aside, George Lucas took 58 million of his own money to produce a great movie with          

          title The Tuskegee Airmen–he had waited 23 years to be able to put the dream into reality. Thousands of veterans’ wives, children began to run as the tear gas spread. had joined the war effort was not Hitler or his cruelty but because of Japan’s sudden attack on Pearl Harbor. The movie stars Laurence Fishburne, Alan Payne, Cuba Gooding and others. When the black Johnnies of the First World War marched home, they were treated ever as condescending by white society as they had been before they left. Indeed, they had left as “second rated citizens” and returned to being treated as “second rated citizens.” This caused many blacks to be less enthusiastic about joining the fighting during the Second World War. In this same year Franklin D, won his third term as U.S. Eisenhower his aide. was clearly a maneuver that leaned toward socialistic thinking causing a lot of controversy at the time. Miners from West Virginia made their way to Washington’s street, sheet metal workers came from Georgia, an out-of-work American Indian, Chief Running Wolf– made his way from California to Washing D.C. The Ludlow Massacre in Colorado is a prime example of what I am talking about here. had suddenly changed.

In 1935 the Roosevelt Administration tried to pass the N.I.R.A. in full traditional dress and carrying a bow and arrow to make his point. The only choice was to put women in positions that had been reserved for men before the war. In that same year Social Security was passed. (My own mother worked at Douglas Aircraft during the war). Major Dwight D. By 1943 60,000 Americans had already been killed but beyond the many tears and broken hearts, patriotism prevailed because Americans believed–heart and soul–that we were fighting for “right” and that made even the most devastating sacrifices acceptable. In fact, by 1938 began the first year of minimum wage and also the year that Congress allotted billions for work programs and so there was a certain renewed optimism that Roosevelt had given the people; a new, kinder face of government. At the same time Writers and Artists were given support by the W.P.A. When will it ever change, when will we people ever learn from our own history? Is it such a giant step of understanding to simply realize that no matter what color we are, no matter what gender, no matter how we dress or what totems we bow to that we are all the same and our differences are only apparent?

The second major act under the new Roosevelt administration was the lifting of prohibition. The truth is that so-called civilization began in warring tribes called city/states creating  “us and them” realities. And, truth be told, the fact that the people were forced to give up eating a lot of red meats and fats created a healthier nation. And, the truth is also, that entering the war both the United States and England met in Newfoundland to announce to the world that their countries expected no aggrandizement for their war efforts as they respected the right of all people to choose whatever form of government under which they wanted to live. Nevertheless, the right to the pursuit of happiness had suddenly been legislated and restricted in a sudden emergence of big brother governing under the Democratic administration of President Woodrow Wilson but supported by the next three presidents–Harding, Coolidge and Hoover–all Republicans.


Blackouts Additional Information

Historian Howard Zinn tells us this: “Four troops of cavalry, four companies of infancy, a machine gun squadron, and six tanks assembled near the White House. I do not want to sound like a commercial but the movie is to experience as opposed to merely see; in fact, you will never be the same once you are through the experience that I am referring to).

One of the war tactics used by Americans at home was the blackouts; the placing black cloth over the windows at night so no light shined forth in case of an air raid. (I suppose no one noticed that bullets have no racial biases–they kill and maim people equally and without bias).

In addition to all else the Midwest drought began in Roosevelt’s second year in office. began to support musicians–The Federal Music Project had been formed. and “we” weren’t about to permit a small country like Japan, powerful as it had grown, to interfere with that. An irony to say the least!. In this way the 1940s American-at-home were fortunate as the actual terror of it all was two oceans away.

**America has never supported its artists to any great degree. Adding to the need for labor there was suddenly a huge war industry to keep producing. We were a country at war on two fronts and Life in the U.S. The Wall Street crash and banking mismanagement, however, landed an unwanted fly into the ointment of the national leviathans of commerce, travel, manufacturing and government.

 Rosie the Riveter became the poster child for female workers. The drought earliest disaster was with the wheat crops–they were so sparse along with other crop failures that farm prices fell by 50%. Many were Navahos who used their unique language to send coded messages but many also became infantry-fighting-men who saw a good many battles. And quite suddenly, a great many people were outraged at leadership and many marched on Washington.

By: J. America’s military was soon enough called the best fed Army in the world.

              Rationing was difficult to adjust to for most people but most people did not mind because they were doing what they could to help the war effort. Only four days later Germany and Italy declared war on us so Americans suddenly wanted revenge. In any case, all was not “rosy.”

By 1931 there were millions of Americans out of work, there were soup lines, there was a virus of poverty spreading across the entire country except for the super-rich and super powerful  at a time when the richest country on the face of the earth had suddenly fallen from grace. Laissez-faire had failed in his eyes and, truth be told, it had at least in these two ways. In the military segregation was everywhere just as it had persisted in World War I. The training program was to train black pilots and crewmen to serve during the war at Tuskegee Army Airfield, in Tuskegee Alabama. 

Women in the War Years

President Roosevelt had inherited a troubled country when he was sworn in: At the time in 1933, 1 in 4 workers were unemployed, The steel industry was working at around 12%, the national income was less than it had been even in 1930 and some 5,000 banks had collapsed that took with them nine million savings accounts. (See the film, “Grapes of Wrath” that absolutely captures the dynamics of the exodus of poor dirt farmers).

The truth is that women excelled at their jobs and they were, in metaphor, Rosie the Riveters in human action. was supporting its artists. 

It was this year too that Japan revealed its deep diplomatic anger at the Roosevelt Administration’s ban on export oil and scrap metals–both needed desperately for Japan’s continuing war with China. There is that old JohnWaynian saying that tells us War is Hell and sure enough it is but also it a cruel, human absurdity that should have been made obsolete centuries ago. While it retreated back into undercover operations of mainly gambling, prostitution and drugs, it no longer held a kingdom of an ever growing subculture that had virtually ruled almost since prohibition began. And of course going back to the ending decade of the 1930s, Hitler   

       was to prove himself as the most evil of all history’s demagogues and there had been a great many in the arenas of cruel dictatorships.

Franklin D. Sad but true. Moms simply took care of everyone, made sure the kids got to school on time, husbands had a nice breakfast before going to work; she put on the bandaids and kissed away the pain that occurs in all our daily lives.

This certainly proved true for the postwar years and the baby boom exploded.

As always people became quite creative during hard times–women for example would save their lard and sell to butchers for 2 cents a pound. By 1935, Roosevelt had created the Civilian Conservation Corps (the C.C.C. The truth of the matter, however, is that from the very dawning of civilization the motives of war were not truly ideology, religious or political, they were profit motivated with ideology serving the demagogues of leadership to stir their followers into battle. Guys and gals wanted at least a small sample of loving togetherness in case…they never saw one another again.

The dust storms hit again in 1935 which started the migration of field workers and farm tenants exiting the mid-west and migrating to California hoping for work. When we truly imagine that many millions of people being tortured and slaughtered we are struck with the terrible reality of what Hitler’s totalitarianism and racism were creating. In a way they had to work “double shifts” in that they toiled during the day at their jobs and took care of the kids and other home duties in the evenings. And slacks for women became essential and suddenly popular–women “in pants” created a lot of poor-taste jokes from men who felt threatened by women’s entrance into higher paying jobs. This Darwinistic attitude of pompous, uncaring for the worker is precisely what opened the doors for unionization and the socialistic tendencies that made Roosevelt so popular among the people. (The National Recovery Administration) most basically forging an alliance between government and business.

         The government also encouraged growing “Victory Gardens” so for at least a few months out of the year people could have the vegetables that they wanted. And, if relatives weren’t close then baby sitters had to be hired and that cut deeply into the lady’s payday. And, the rationing of car/truck gasoline and tires depended on how far a person had to drive to work. As a result lots of unwed mothers gave birth during the war.

Our country had in trouble since 1920 when prohibition created an underground economy that would make bootleggers and other gangsters extremely wealthy and powerful especially in local politics and law enforcement. In fact, blacks were anxious to serve in the World War 1 because they believed their patriotism and willingness to fight for the country would gain a greater equality and respect for them. We will of course be talking more about Germany a little later.


         Disregarding the prejudices against them the military created an “experimental” training program expected to fail even before it began. This created Roosevelt extremely popular except for the so-called moral right of the mid-west who had supported the 21st Amendment that had created the country (legally) dry.

Many male workers and male employers resented women on the job. building a make-shift camp across the Potomac River across from the Capital. Then, in that same year the W.P.A. As a result, the government quickly created a big propaganda drive to

entice women into the work force as part as their wartime duty.

*For further reading see my article “American Women in Review” on

As a quick aside, most virtually as soon as prohibition went away so did organized crime that lost its greatest source of income. There was very little in the news, however, about the horrors of his concentration camps what would eventually take the lives of six million Jews and four million others. Nevertheless, after the war, *most would return to home making as the spirit of home, Mom and Apple Pie had been missed during the war years. So much prejudice prevailed among the white instructors from hateful resentment that blacks were actually going to become (American) airmen that much was done to discourage the black men and push them toward failure. First it supported the N.R.A. George S. Upon hearing this on their radios, the American people were even more enthusiastic to support the war effort against the tyrants of the world.

There was simply a pride in the nation during the war years that was destined for decades after the war. When the law changed, the days of such gangsters as Al Capone had simply gone away. 

Introducing Roosevelt

There was simply a greater faith in government and America’s future by the time 1939 rolled around.  This too was the year that the Wizard of Oz opened in theaters with its two great subliminal messages–success takes courage, a brain and…a heart. But, this suffering and this abandonment would create an enormous gateway into the presidency for a democrat promising a…new deal.

This demagoguery had been consistent since the advent of civilization itself and has yet to change even in our own modern times. Farmers were openly ready to revolt and government was well aware of the severity of the problems.

In the following year, Franklin D. The Wall Street crash of 1929 had created a dark cloud of joblessness and stark poverty across the entire country and, for that matter, across much of the Western world–Germany would endure terrible “hunger pangs” as world economics imploded into virtual ruins. The movie of the times said it all–songs like “Sentimental Journey,”  “I’ll be seeing you (in all the old familiar places) and Harbor lights–songs that are about the passion of romantic love and romance was everywhere during those years when especially young lovers never knew if they were to see each other again.

While many poorer women worked before the war, middle class wives in majority stayed at home to tend to the house and children; cook meals and create a comfort zone for her family. They were obvious black heroes just as a great many ground soldiers had been but generally without notice. “Red Stamp” rationing covered all meats, fat, oils and butter. Morgan, John D, Rockefeller, James Mellon and Philip Armour were the rulers behind the throne in the Oval Room and the same type of men would later create the Spanish American War for purposes of expanding markets and a burning desire toward becoming a world power. The movie itself will put a lump in your throat and a song in your heart no matter what color you are. (Work Progress Administration) and for **the first time in history the U.S. MacArthur led his troops down Pennsylvania Avenue, used tear gas to clear veterans out of the old buildings, and set the building on fire. At the time the American home front was in desperation. In the wake of this a 1940 headline read: As France Falls, U.S. In addition the U.S. Except for a minute few, nearly every American was gun-ho for retaliating against the Japanese and believed that Hitler was a threat to freedom lovers everywhere. Even new plays were being commissioned under the federal Arts Project.

Most husbands felt it disgraceful if their wives worked outside the home; as if they had failed as providers a taboo for married life during the pre-war years. Hoover was the President then and he did not respond to the people’s outcries, he ordered the Army to remove them.

Early Changes in the American Way of Life

*Laissez-faire government is by far the best of all governmental structures ever conceived in all of our 10,000 to 15,000 years of so-called civilized history. But government instructed women to do all they could to “keep the soldier’s moral up” and it doesn’t take a great deal of imagination to translate the hidden meaning here. By 1933 9,000 banks had closed or gone bankrupted and a great decline in purchasing power followed.

It was in 1939 that the Nazis attacked Poland to start the Second World War. These “codes” are precisely what should have been self-imposed by business and industry operating under Laisser-faire; a compassionate capitalism, if you will, but instead big business was self-serving and unconscientiously self-centered. The problem is clearly that those who excelled in it, misused it and turned it into a weapon against labor; an enslavement really in the guise of employment. When it was over, two veterans had been shot to death, an eleven week-old baby had died, an eight-year-old boy was partially blinded by gas, two police had fractured skulls, and a thousand veterans were injured by gas.”

In 1940, however, Hitler’s war machine had moved into France and had already been torturing and murdering countless Jews, Gypsies and others who were not Aryan and/or disagreed with Germany’s policies. For one thing, it provided that industry be placed under codes of fair dealings and regulated wages, hours, conditions and collective bargaining. Roosevelt won the presidency for the first time. Racial prejudice still persisted in civilian life as well as in the military. Roosevelt swore to keep the United States neutral.

As said in the above it turned out the wartime hardships actually served to weave the American people together…but not all the people. After the war effort began, however, most men of working age were in uniform and serving in the armed forces so industry and business needed workers to take their place. While the efforts of the black soldier had some impact on gaining ground for equality in the country, equal rights would nevertheless not be truly launched until 1955.

And government propaganda created an extreme double standard for the times. I remember traveling by train to California as a child and right before we got into Los Angeles the trained pulled to a stop and turned off its lights for full five or ten minutes during an official blackout. There is simply no doubt that Jefferson was right–the government that governs least, governs best, but such a beautiful concept cannot blossom as long as government and business maintain a love affair.

In any case, on December 7th, 1941 the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor killing 2000 Navy men and wounding over 700

What are your best frugal living tips? (Weekly Topic Inspiration)

Make it a festive occasion.

Live on less. Make a hobby of it.

Swap unused items with friends, neighbors etc. I agree with the hubber who says – write down every single penny spent. you will feel the ‘pain’ of the immediacy of that money spent.

Buy as many items ‘on sale’ or ‘reduced’ as possible. Make a philosophy of it.

. By not going to the store for these items you will make better use of your time, energy and ingredients.

Bake your own items – bread, cakes, pies etc. Get ideas from magazines, online.

Discard the credit card – use a debit card, if needed. That way you can ‘track’ your money.

Grow your own veg, fruit, keep hens, ducks, poultry – even in a small space. for things you want. Everything homemade tastes better, so therefore, i believe, your needs are more satisfied.

Re-vamp old items into ‘new’ furniture, clothes, curtains, cushions. Make a ‘hobby’ of it.

Look for the discounted items.

Ask for discount.

Look for the ‘free’ items

37 Vietnamese Cafes In Garden Grove To Face Police Rounds

But with the new restrictions, she fears her customers may venture over to coffeehouses in nearby cities where there are fewer limits.

“They say if it’s just to drink coffee, then I’ll stay home and drink coffee,” said Thuy Do, owner of Cafe Chichi in Garden Grove.

The Garden Grove City Council recently passed new rules to ban arcade games, darkly tinted windows and nudity at cafes. Some coffeehouses had six or eight arcade games running, and crime was on the rise, Nightengale said.

Orange County is home to the biggest Vietnamese immigrant community in the country, with sizable enclaves in Garden Grove and surrounding cities.

“We just serve coffee, wear bikinis, like Hooters,” Tran said. you’re attracting a different crowd than guys just going in there to have a cup of coffee,” Garden Grove police spokesman Lt. “Starbucks is boring.”

One of them was Mike Nguyen, a 53-year-old day trader who said he doesn’t mind the thick stench of cigarette smoke and wishes authorities would ease up on the coffeehouse that has become his virtual office and escape from the cookie-cutter Southern California suburb where he lives.

In March, authorities arrested 23 people at coffeehouses in Garden Grove and Westminster for investigation of illegal gaming and seized more than 180 machines and more than $145,000 in cash, Garden Grove police said.

The dimly lit coffeehouse in the heart of Orange County’s Little Saigon hopes to get a passing grade when police start enforcing a host of new rules to crack down on illegal gambling and nudity at some cafes starting as soon as this weekend.

GARDEN GROVE, Calif. Officers plan to make rounds of the 37 Vietnamese cafes in the suburban city of Garden Grove to ensure they don’t have arcade games that have been rigged to let patrons bet on blackjack and roulette, and that scantily clad waitresses leave something to the imagination.

“When you’re running illegal gaming and further complicating the issue by having a quasi-strip bar … The waitresses are wearing negligees but not naked. Jeff Nightengale said.

Tucked into strip malls featuring McDonald’s and Subway restaurants, the coffeehouses cater to men toting laptops to take advantage of free wireless access, who are meeting business partners or who are getting together with friends to play cards, watch sports and flirt with waitresses who pour iced drinks.

On a recent weekday afternoon, a dozen loyal patrons converged at Cafe Miss Cutie to play Chinese chess, watch European soccer on flat screen TVs and sip iced coffee served by a waitress in a see-through lavender negligee.

But authorities in Garden Grove – a city of 170,000 people about 30 miles southeast of Los Angeles – said cafes have gotten out of control. And patrons are being urged to smoke outside.

“Now it is a little boring to just come and drink coffee and read the paper,” she said.

Business has fallen at many of the cafes since police started the crackdown – above all on the arcade games that lured customers off their couches and got them to linger longer at the coffeehouses.

Between January 2010 and May 2011, police received reports of three robberies, four assaults with a deadly weapon, and seven drug-related incidents at coffeehouses – a far cry from the tranquility at the city’s more traditional cafes, Nightengale said.

Do, whose small cafe is brightly lit, said she relies on loyal, older patrons to stay afloat. Coffeehouses will be fined $1,000 for each violation.

At Cafe Miss Cutie, sales have been halved since police began making rounds several months ago, manager Tuyen Tran said.

The crackdown comes after authorities reported crime was on the rise outside coffeehouses.. What began more than a decade ago with waitresses in skimpy outfits morphed into nudity. “I don’t know how long we can survive like this – with no money and losing customers.”

“It’s a stimulating environment,” said Nguyen, of nearby Irvine. — At Cafe Miss Cutie, the windows are tinted but not pitch black

Triệt pha ổ cờ bạc trực tuyến cực lớn qua mạng fun88

Trang m?ng Fun88 có máy ch? ??t ? Cambridge, V??ng qu?c Anh.

Trên th?c t?, Công ty FAM không  kinh doanh gì, ch? làm bình phong ?? Toàn t? ch?c ?ánh b?c. Theo ?ó, ng??i ch?i ph?i n?p ti?n qua h? th?ng ngân hàng c?a Vi?t Nam nh? Ngân hàng ?ông Á, Ngân hàng Á Châu, Vietcombank…

T? ch?c Fun88 t?i Vi?t Nam ho?t ??ng r?t tinh vi, nhi?u ???ng dây núp d??i ho?t ??ng c?a các doanh nghi?p, chúng thành l?p công ty, tuy?n d?ng nhân viên, yêu c?u m? tài kho?n ngân hàng (m?i nhân viên ph?i m? 4-6 tài kho?n) sau ?ó giao cho ??i t??ng c?m ??u. ??c bi?t, ?? qua m?t l?c l??ng ch?c n?ng, các ??i t??ng dùng tài kho?n trong m?ng l??i chuy?n ti?n qua l?i cho nhau v?i quy lu?t r?t ph?c t?p, không rõ ràng ?âu là tài kho?n chính, ch? ch?t c?a ???ng dây cá ?? này.

Hi?n B? công an ?ang ti?p t?c m? r?ng ?i?u tra v? ???ng dây c? b?c tr?c tuy?n này.

S?n H?ng


Mu?n tham gia, ng??i ch?i ph?i t?o tài kho?n trên website và n?p ti?n, ng??i ch?i có th? l?a ch?n lo?i ti?n t? là USD và Vi?t Nam ??ng. ??c bi?t, t? tháng 4/2012, Toàn ?ã chuy?n giao toàn b? quy?n giám ??c Công ty c? ph?n truy?n thông FAM cho V? Vi?t H?i (em h? c?a Toàn), 30 tu?i, ? ph??ng ?a Kao, qu?n 1, TP H? Chí Minh ?i?u hành nh?ng v?n ??ng sau ch? ??o. Sau khi ra tù, Toàn tham gia trong các ???ng dây ?ánh b?c xuyên qu?c gia, trong ?ó, t? n?m 2010 ??n 2013, Toàn là m?t trong nh?ng m?t xích quan tr?ng c?a ???ng dây ?ánh b?c qua trang m?ng M88.

???c bi?t, ?? che gi?u hành vi t? ch?c ?ánh  b?c, Ph?m Huy Toàn thành l?p Công ty c? ph?n Truy?n thông FAM, ??ng ký ho?t ??ng d?ch v? qu?ng cáo trên m?ng Internet, r?i l?y danh ngh?a công ty trên ?? tuy?n ng??i làm vi?c.

Qua công tác n?m tình hình, C?c C?nh sát phòng ch?ng t?i ph?m s? d?ng công ngh? cao ?ã phát hi?n ???ng dây ?ánh b?c trên. (VTC News) – Ngày 13/3, c? quan CS?T B? Công an cho bi?t ?ã kh?i t? b? can 23 ??i t??ng trong ???ng dây ?ánh b?c, t? ch?c ?ánh b?c qua m?ng internet ?ánh b?c Fun88 và ?ang ti?p t?c ?i?u tra, m? r?ng v? án.

Sau khi có ?? tài li?u v? vi?c ph?m t?i c?a các ??i t??ng trong ???ng dây, C?c C?nh sát phòng ch?ng t?i ph?m s? d?ng công ngh? cao ph?i h?p v?i C?c C?nh sát hình s? (B? Công an) b?t qu? tang Ph?m Huy Toàn, 38 tu?i, trú ? ph??ng 13, qu?n Bình Th?nh, TP HCM ?ang rút ti?n t? tài kho?n các ??i t??ng n??c ngoài chuy?n vào.

??i t??ng c?m ??u Ph?m Huy Toàn t?ng có ti?n án v? t?i l?a ??o chi?m ?o?t tài s?n. Có các tài kho?n c?a nhân viên, ??i t??ng c?m ??u g?i toàn b? thông tin tài kho?n cho các ??i t??ng ? n??c ngoài ?? các ??i t??ng n??c ngoài g?i tr? ti?n th?ng cho con b?c và nh?n ti?n c??c.

?? t? ch?c cho công dân nhi?u n??c tham gia ?ánh b?c, giao di?n website có nhi?u ngôn ng?, trong ?ó có ti?ng Vi?t. Trang web trên t? ch?c ?ánh b?c d??i nhi?u hình th?c nh? cá c??c các môn th? thao: bóng ?á, bóng r?, qu?n v?t…; casino tr?c tuy?n (ch?i bài, ?ánh b?c online); casino (các trò ch?i ??t c??c ?i?n t?); keno và x? s?; bài t?…

T?t c? các tài kho?n trên ??u ???c ?i?u khi?n t? xa qua m?ng Internet Banking, các ??a ch? IP ?i?u khi?n này ??u xu?t phát t? máy ch? ??t ? n??c ngoài

Beware the SLINKY: The top 5 countries to avoid investing in

With that wisdom in mind, we thought we’d come up with an acronymic investment concept that can serve as an object lesson–a portfolio that screams, “Run Away!”

Those who came late to the historic rally in BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India and China)–or who badly mistimed investments in MINTs (Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey), or who lost quarter of a nest egg gambling on CIVETS (Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa) or PINEs (Philippines, Indonesia, Nigeria and Ethiopia)–will probably nod wearily to the words of fund manager Rick Schmidt, who oversees $8.9 billion in emerging markets portfolios for Harding Loevner: “Anytime anybody tells you to invest in an acronym,” Schmidt told a Fortune reporter recently, “run for the hills.”

We present to you the SLINKY, an unlikely retirement-saver for those who like to sift for value stocks in danger zones. (Seriously, don’t invest here.)

Ca dộ bong da, casino, poker an tiền với FUN88?

-T?i Vi?t Nam thì ph??ng th?c g?i ti?n ch? y?u và thu?n l?i nh?t là hình th?c Quick Tranfer ( chuy?n ti?n qua ngân hàng ??a ph??ng ) v?i m?t h? th?ng tài kho?n ngân hàng trung gian t?i các ngân hàng l?n nh?: Vietcombank, Á Châu bank, …) cho nên vi?c m? m?t tài kho?n cá c??c tr?c tuy?n ?? gi?i trí hàng ngày r?t d? dàng, thu?n ti?n và không c?n ph?i t?n th?t nhi?u ti?n

( t?i thi?u 200.000 vn?)

N?p ti?n t?i ?a 200.000.000 vn? .

- Có th? cá ?? ? b?t c? ?âu: dù b?n ?ang ? nhà, ? c? quan, ?i công tác xa hay th?m chí ?i n??c ngoài c?ng ch?ng có gì ?nh h??ng. Rút ti?n trong 1 ngày làm vi?c hành chính.

V?i s? ph? bi?n c?a máy tính và internet b?ng thông r?ng, các hình th?c thanh toán tr?c tuy?n, và ??c bi?t là ?i?n tho?i có kh? n?ng k?t n?i internet qua GPRS hay 3G nh? hi?n nay, vi?c cá ?? online là h?t s?c ??n gi?n, ti?n l?i và hoàn toàn kh? thi.

L?i ích khi ch?i t?i FUN88:

-N?p ti?n và rút ti?n c?c nhanh.

??c bi?t FUN88 còn h? tr? nhi?u hình th?c g?i ti?n và rút ti?n, giúp cho khách hàng c?a t?ng qu?c gia có ?i?u ki?n thu?n l?i nh?t cho vi?c m? tài kho?n: Paysweb, Western Union, Moneybookers, Credit Card, Quick tranfer….

- Lo?i hình ??t c??c phong phú, ??t c??c t?i phút cu?i cùng c?a tr?n ??u ( ??t c??c t? phút ??u tiên ??n phút bù gi? su?t tr?n ??u ), c??c tài x?u m?i 15 phút trong tr?n ( t? 1–15 phút ; 15–30 phút ; 30–45 phút ; 45–60 …), c??c xâu, c??c t? s?, ph?t góc, ném biên, c??c th? ??, th? vàng…

- FUN88 có ??i ng? h? tr? khách hàng chu ?áo b?ng ti?ng Vi?t. [/CENTER]


H??ng d?n chi ti?t cách ??ng ký, n?p ti?n, rút ti?n FUN88 t?i website


nick yahoo


N?p ti?n ch? 30 phút là có ti?n trong tài kho?n.

- Có th? cá ?? b?t c? lúc nào: sáng s?m hay gi?a tr?a, t? m? t?i hay n?a ?êm, hàng nghìn nhà cái luôn s?n sàng ph?c v? b?t c? nhu c?u cá ?? nào c?a b?n.

- Ch? ??ng qu?n lý chi tiêu: ch? ???c phép cá ?? b?ng s? ti?n mình có do v?y b?n s? không b? lâm vào tình tr?ng b?i chi.

- C??c h?n h?p chéo ( c??c xâu ) trong 7 ngày. – Th? t?c ??ng ký ??n gi?n.

C??c ??t t?i thi?u là 20.000 vn?

B?ng m?t chi?c máy tính internet có k?t n?i internet.

N?p ti?n t?i thi?u ch? 200.000 vn? là b?n ?ã có th? ??t c??c. B?n luôn ki?m soát ???c tình hình tài chính c?a mình.- S? ??m b?o ch?c ch?n v? kh? n?ng thanh toán c?a nhà cái: v?i ti?m l?c tài chính kh?ng l? c?a nhà cái uy tín b?n luôn ???c ??m b?o ch?c ch?n v? kh? n?ng thanh toán.

Click vào link bên d??i ?? tham gia FUN88…

- N?i dung c?c kì phong phú: không ch? có cá ?? trong bóng ?á, b?n còn ???c d?p th?a s?c v?i hàng tr?m s? ki?n di?n ra hàng ngày c?a các môn th? thao yêu thích khác nh?: Bóng chuy?n (Volleyball), Tennis, bóng r? (Basketball), Bóng b?u d?c (Rugby), Golf, ?ua ng?a (Horse racing), ?ua xe công th?c 1 (Formula 1), ?ua mô tô (Moto GP), Bóng chày (Baseball), Khúc côn c?u trên b?ng (Ice hockey),v.v..

Và còn nhi?u ?u ?i?m khác ….

-Tính ti?n c??c ngay sau 45 phút hi?p 1 ( n?u b?n c??c theo t? l? hi?p 1 ). Cá ?? online có th? gi?i quy?t t?t c? các nh??c ?i?m c?a hình th?c cá ?? offline b?ng các ?u ?i?m c?a mình nh?:

- R?t nhi?u s? l?a ch?n: có hàng nghìn nhà cái trên kh?p th? gi?i luôn s?n sàng ph?c v? nhu c?u c?a b?n.


Cá ?? bóng ?á, casino, poker ?n ti?n v?i FUN88…



The Vietnam War

The ships were there to conduct electronic surveillance for South Vietnam. The South was by now full of saboteurs, forgers, and spies.

The slow bombing idea also gave the Soviets time to ship tons of ground-to-air missiles to North Vietnam to shoot down U.S. They also launched terrorist bombings against the Brinks Hotel (where Americans commonly stayed), and even the American Embassy. At first they were ordered to defend only. They were perfectly willing to see all 30 million of the Vietnamese people killed if it meant a victory for Communism. Apparently, he thought the Communists would give up. Instead, he was flatly refused.

To Communists, people are disposable. They knew they could “outstomach” the West. Johnson thought this too expensive because he had plans to spend trillions of dollars of his Great Society programs. He wanted a cheap win and so went at the Vietnam War quarter-heartedly.

The main road from North to South was dubbed the Ho Chi Minh Trail, as it was used to transport men and weapons into the South. In 1966, those volunteer soldiers were replaced with mostly conscripts. The United States Congress responded with the “Tonkin Gulf Resolution.” This authorized President Johnson to do whatever he deemed necessary to protect American assets in Vietnam and “prevent further aggression.”

President Johnson did nothing in Vietnam until after he won the 1964 presidential election–in which he campaigned as the “peace” candidate. But soon they were unleashed to attack Communist positions on “search and destroy” missions. Ho Chi Minh was determined to dominate the entire area at any cost. He extended peace initiatives to the Communists 72 times.

Months later, 43,000 more troops were sent. Private notes show that Johnson fully expected a positive answer to this olive branch.

The war changed after 1965, when the majority of U.S.

Curtis LeMay, commander of the Strategic Air Command, said the best thing would be to flatten North Vietnam, to “bomb it back to the Stone Age.” Johnson thought this too harsh and instead commanded limited, sporadic bombing of political targets. . barracks, killing 31 Americans, wounding 109, and destroying 18 U. aircraft. Casualties suffered along the road to this domination were shrugged off as simply the price to be paid.

Sixteen times Johnson ordered a pause to the bombings. By the end of 1965, 184,000 American soldiers were in Vietnam. The military advised Johnson they would need 850,000 men in theatre for seven years to produce a total victory. planes. Johnson stopped the bombing after five days and made an offer to Ho Chi Minh: the United States would provide capital to develop all of Vietnam into a modern nation if Ho could bring himself to live in peace with his neighbors. No response. American bombers were forbidden by Johnson to bomb these missile sites while they were under construction, since Soviet technicians were building them.

President Johnson bombed North Vietnam in retaliation and ordered 75,000 American troops to South Vietnam.

In 1964, North Vietnam attacked American destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.

The American military advised Johnson that what needed to be done was to bomb North Vietnam quickly, heavily, and without restraint; and then to occupy the North with the American Army. The Vietcong took control of 40 percent of the rural areas. The courageous Vietcong respected American weapons but did not think the GIs were good fighters and they were very slow–weighed down with 60 pound backpacks. China and Russia were determined to make all of Asia Communist. Here he followed in the footsteps of his idols Woodrow Wilson and FDR, both of whom won elections with promises to keep America out of war. There were many deaths and hundreds injured.

With Kennedy and Diem dead, the South was in chaos. S. He promised he would not send American troops into combat in Vietnam, which he described as a “raggedy-assed fourth rate country” not worthy American blood and money. Sabotage became common in the South. soldiers were volunteers. Instead, Johnson gave them time to build an immense network of shelters and tunnels. They would take advantage of the way the West valued human life.

In 1965, the Vietcong launched attacks on an American helicopter base and on U.S