Asia Entertainment & Resources Ltd. Announces January Rolling Chip Turnover.

Betting using rolling

chips, as opposed to using cash chips, is also used by the DICJ (Macau

Gaming Control Board) to distinguish between VIP table revenue and mass

market table revenue.

The strong month for AERL comes in the midst of a record month for

gaming in Macau with overall gaming revenue reaching 14 billion patacas

(US$1.8 billion) for the month of January 2010, up over 60%

year-over-year, according to the Portuguese news agency Lusa. Baccarat accounts for approximately 88%

of total Macau casino winnings.

About Asia Entertainment Resources Ltd.

This press release includes forward-looking statements made

pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities

Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that involve risks and uncertainties.

Forward looking statements are statements that are not historical facts.

Such forward-looking statements, based upon the current beliefs and

expectations of CS China’s management, are subject to risks and

uncertainties, which could cause actual results to differ from the

forward looking statements.

Definition of Rolling Chip Turnover

AERL, formerly known as Asia Gaming Resort Limited

(“AGRL”), was created by the acquisition of AGRL by CS China

Acquisition Corp. In addition, the Promoters plan to

promote the first luxury VIP room in Jeju Island in South Korea, which

will offer Macau-style gaming, and have concluded a favorable trial

operation there.

HONG KONG — Asia Entertainment Resources Ltd.

(“AERL”) (OTCBB: CSAQF) (OTCBB: CSAXF), a VIP Room gaming

promoter, today announced unaudited rolling chip turnover (as defined

below) for January 2010. AERL’s VIP rooms are primarily

focused on high stakes baccarat. AERL Chairman Lam commented,

“as a newly public company we are pleased to report our first month

of Rolling Chip Turnover, and we hope to continue to expand our

marketshare of the VIP baccarat market.”

. One of the Macau VIP rooms is located at the top-tier MGM

Grand Macau Casino in downtown Macau and is operated by the MGM Grand

Paradise S.A. Through the promoters, “non-negotiable chips”

can be converted back into cash at any time. This total

exceeds the previous monthly record for Macau gaming recorded in October

2009 of 12.6 billion patacas. Commissions are paid based on the total amount of

“non-negotiable chips” purchased by each player. Rolling chip turnover for the month of January

2010 was US$653.4 million, up 137% year-over-year, compared to US$275.5

million for the month of January 2009. and is located in the luxury 5-star hotel, the Star World

Hotel Casino in downtown Macau. The principal business activities

of its wholly owned subsidiaries are to hold Profit Agreements with VIP

Room gaming promoter companies (“Promoters”) and to receive

100% of the profit streams from the Promoters. VIP room

gaming promoters therefore require the players to “roll,” from

time to time, their “cash chips” into

“non-negotiable” chips for further betting so that they may

receive their commissions (hence the term “Rolling Chip

Turnover”). on February 2, 2010. Bets are wagered with “non-negotiable chips” and

winning bets are paid out by casinos in so-called “cash”


Forward Looking Statements

Rolling Chip Turnover is used by casinos to measure the volume of

VIP business transacted and represents the aggregate amount of bets

players make. Another Macau VIP gaming facility is operated by Galaxy

Casino, S.A. “Non-negotiable chips” are specifically designed for

VIP players to allow casinos to calculate the commission payable to VIP

room gaming promoters. The Promoters currently

participate in the promotion of two major luxury VIP gaming facilities

(“VIP rooms”) in Macau, China, the largest gaming market in

the world

The Asian Megafauna

However, at this time our ancestors still lacked effective long range weapons, therefore it’s likely that they came off second best in any direct encounters with hyenas.

Below, I shall profile a few of the spectacular creatures that our hominid ancestors encountered in the vast continent of Asia.

Around 2 million years ago, a truly monumental event occurred, a species of hominid called Homo erectus took their first tentative steps out of Africa and into Asia. They would have been formidable opponents and impressive role models for Homo erectus. All of these animals had once terrorised our ancestors; not so long before our australopithecine ancestors were routinely falling prey to large predators such as these, but now with long human like bodies, large human like brains they were far less attractive as prey.

By 1.5 million years ago, several modern carnivore species had colonised Asia from Africa. Some animals especially those who were particularly adept at swimming like the hippopotamus and the elephants may have crossed into Asia by island hopping across the Mediterranean from North Africa. Hyenas’ cooperative way of living ensures that they can both hunt and successfully steal carcasses even from the largest predators. The previous 500,000 years had borne witness to an incredible increase in both body and brain size. Even today, the behaviour and facial expressions of lions suggest that they view us primarily as competitors rather than prey. The end result was that many of the animals that Homo erectus encountered in Asia were already familiar to them. In Asia they met terrifying monsters such as the giant hyena (Pachycrocuta), the sabre-toothed cats (Megantereon, Homotherium and Dinofelis) and a species of dog closely related to modern wolves (Canis falconeri). Homo erectus, the first hominid that actually looked human now possessed a brain more than 50 per cent larger than any of their ancestors including the original toolmaker, Homo habilis.

Our hominid ancestors probably paid particular attention to the roaming packs of hyenas, observing their pack behaviour closely. In fact, it’s likely that they were totally unaware that they had even left Africa. Such a huge increase in brain size probably explains why Homo erectus was the first of our line to leave the continent that birthed and us and colonise Eurasia. The giant hyenas were replaced by the modern spotted hyena, while the sabre-toothed cats became rarer, with lions and leopards increased greatly in number. A large brain, capable of more complex thought was no doubt vital in coping with the more challenging climates of both Europe and Asia.

However, it wasn’t just humans that were exiting Africa at this time, many of the animals that had evolved alongside us were also pouring into the Near East along the same route as our ancestors. However, the sheer abundance of deer, ox, rhino and horse in their new Asian home may have presented Homo erectus with wonderful new opportunities.. These small but significant faunal changes probably made scavenging very difficult for hominids as these new predators were able to consume more of their victims’ bodies, leaving precious little behind for any scavengers

Some Information on Tribal Tattoos

In some Asian tribal societies, tattoos were deliberately used to mark you as a rebel and enemy. These tattoos have gained increasing exposure not just in America, but also in Asia where tattoos have been long associated with secret societies.

Get a sweet blackjack strategy!

So what kind of tribal tattoos is popular? Tribal sun is good, Celtic knots are extremely popular, flowers are favored by women, armbands are worn by those with muscular biceps. If you put on the wrong tattoo, it will risk your chances of being one of the tribe and they might just permanently mark you as an outsider. So be careful when you have a tattoo and are walking in the jungle, you might just have an arrow pieced through you by mistake.

Today in the modern society, besides tattooing for aesthetic reasons, these tribal tattoos on the body can also be used to subtly command a certain amount of envy and respect among those looking. Neither do you want to put a flame around your nipple. I have seen one on top of the head! You can have anything drawn to your imagination; just make sure they fit the right places. Tribal tattoos are fast becoming popular among tattoo enthusiasts. Tribal tattoos have the same effects when done tastefully. By drawing a few simple dark thick lines and curves, tribal tattoos drawn in a shape of dragon or rose, it can bring as much pride to the inked body, only much cheaper than the LV bags.. You don’t want to put a short barbed wire on your chest because most would look better around the arms. In certain ancient societies, tattoos were used as ranks to indicate seniority and power. Maybe you can observe what others have done and have the tattoo artist’s advise you a little before you commit yourself.

You can find some cool tribal tattoos here

The reason why tribal tattoos are gaining popularity is because of the meanings behind them. This can help to instill and reinforce our positive feelings, just like what famous brands of luxury goods do to people. Tribal tattoos were also used as a form of tribal identification. Tattoos were used to indicate a person as a member of a group or to represent religious or spiritual beliefs. In fact most tribal tattoos can be worn anywhere; the upper back, the lower back, the ankle, the navel, shoulder and chest. They symbolize power, energy, force, ability and skill. So use some judgment and exercise some creativity. The LV sign of Vuitton bags is a symbol and they exemplify affluence and wealth

Research and Markets: Research Report

However, offshore gambling websites

are popular among Brazilian gamblers, who spend several hundreds of EUR

million annually on offshore sports betting sites.

The major trends in online gambling and betting globally are mobile and

social gambling. Among the findings of the reports

researchers is that the online gambling and betting segment is

increasing, enhanced by the spread of smartphones and tablet computers. In

South Africa, online gambling awaits legalization in 2014.

Product Information:

Research and Markets

Laura Wood, Senior Manager.

U.S. In North America and major Asian

countries online real-money games are yet awaiting progress in

regulation. Mobile gambling is expected to grow at double-digit

rates and to reach over 40% of the total online gambling market by 2018,

as the number of mobile gambling users increases by a hundred million.

Trends in online gambling and betting.

Research and Markets: Research Report – Global Online Gambling

Betting Market 2014

Online gambling is only starting to emerge in Africa. For example, a quarter of poker

players chose to bet on unregulated networks.

About Research and Markets

- Ladbrokes

Companies Mentioned

- The analyses, statistical reports and forecasts are only based on

reliable sources including national and international statistical

offices, industry and trade associations, business reports, business and

company databases, journals, company registries and news portals.

- 888 Holdings

Regional variations in legislation and acceptance of online gambling and


The leading online gambling and betting companies worldwide include

PokerStars, Bwin.Party, William Hill Online, each of which annually

generate online revenues of over EUR 0.5 billion.

- Betfair Group

Research and Markets is the world’s leading source for international

market research reports and market data. In

Australia, which leads the world in terms of per person gambling, online

sports betting and gambling has been growing by over 30% annually, while

the growth of the total gambling market does not exceed 5%.

- William Hill Online

Global Online Gambling and Betting Market 2014 depicts the latest trends

and developments in the field.

The authors observe: while land-based lottery and casinos still dominate

the gambling scene, online real-money gambling and betting are growing


In the largest Latin American market, Brazil, gambling and betting is

forbidden except for horse racing. The first

regulated online gambling website in Kenya was launched in 2013. Total online gambling revenue in Italy

recently reached a high number in hundreds of millions of Euros, with

poker constituting the largest segment.

- PokerStars

. Progress in online betting regulation in Germany is

expected in 2014, as several operators have applied for the first online

sports betting licenses.

The spread of online betting and gambling is forcing governments to act

to regulate. We provide you with the latest

data on international and regional markets, key industries, the top

companies, new products and the latest trends.

- The authors provide secondary market research: By using various

sources of information they ensure maximum objectivity for all obtained


Fax: 646-607-1907

Fax (outside U.S.): +353-1-481-1716

Sector: E-Business,


For more information visit

Regulation of online gambling and betting in Germany and Russia lag some

of their neighbours. The

majority of Western European countries have some laws in place to

channel online gambling and betting.

- These market reports inform top managers about recent market trends

and assist with strategic company decisions

In North America, online gambling was legalized in three US states by

early 2014, with online gambling revenues surging to millions in the

first months of legal operation.

Online gambling and betting is spreading in the Asia-Pacific region. This ensures that the

content of the original studies is correctly interpreted.

Europe has been a leader in adopting regulation regarding online

gambling, but as the activity spreads, new measures are being enacted.

- Paddy Power

The regulatory landscape on online gambling and betting is varied. The global online gambling market has a current value

estimated at a medium double digit number in billions of Euros, with

growth expected between +7 and 10% annually in the next few years.

- The author’s international employees research and filter all sources

and translate relevant information into English. In the USA, online gambling is legal only in three states

and in many Asian countries gambling and betting is allowed only in

casino resorts.

In France, online gambling and betting has been legal since 2010, but

many gamblers turn to illegal sites. As a result companies get a precise and unbiased impression of the

market situation.

Research and Markets (

has announced the addition of the “Global

Online Gambling Betting Market 2014″ report to their


- Bwin.Party

Italy has one of the most advanced regulatory arrangements regarding

online gambling in Europe

12BET launches managed affiliate program with Income Access

The brand boasts a wide range of online slots, and the table games baccarat, roulette, video poker and Sic Bo as well as four different live-dealer casino clubs. Affiliates will earn commissions of between 20 percent and 40 percent, depending upon the number of first-time depositing players they refer each month.

12BET launches managed affiliate program with Income Access

5 June 2015

(PRESS RELEASE) — 12BET, an Isle of Man- and Philippines-based online sportsbook and casino brand focusing on the Asian and European markets, has announced the launch of a new affiliate program with Income Access, a technology and digital marketing company serving the iGaming industry. Under the partnership, the affiliate program for 12BET’s new European sports-betting offering will integrate with Income Access’ acquisition-tracking platform and will be managed by the company’s team of affiliate managers.

Founded in 2007 with a focus on Asia, 12BET expanded into the European market in 2010. The 12BET platform’s HTML5-based design ensures that the experience of sports-betting via tablets and touch-screen devices is just as sophisticated as desktop play.

The 12BET affiliate program will be managed by Income Access’ team of affiliate managers. The brand offers players live-betting on more than 18,000 sporting events a month. “Our affiliate program will play a crucial part in driving acquisition for our new European sportsbook – it’s a great product, and Income Access along with our affiliate partners will be key in taking our brand to the next level,” said Rory Anderson, CEO of 12BET Europe.

Gaming News

To celebrate the launch of their new European sportsbook and casino, 12BET are offering players an enticing sign-up offer. They will receive a free bet of up to £30 when they register with the brand and place their first bet.

The 12BET affiliate program offers affiliates a revenue share commission structure. A suite of Microgaming games will be added to the 12BET casino in the near future.

12BET’s new website will be supported by the launch of their new affiliate program. “In choosing Income Access, we have ensured that we’ll be working with the most experienced and well-respected affiliate management group in gaming.”

In addition to the sportsbook, 12BET also offers European players a state-of-the-art online casino. “12BET is a huge brand in the Asian market, and we hope that with our acquisition support via the affiliate channel it will also become a leader in the European space.”

12BET’s new cutting-edge online sportsbook is regulated by the UK Gambling Commission and Isle of Man Gambling Supervision Commission. The program will be powered by Income Access’ affiliate management software, which has won the eGaming Review B2B Award for ‘Best Affiliate Software’ for the last two years in a row.

For more information on the affiliate program, please contact 12BET Affiliates. They have over a decade’s experience managing affiliate programs for European sports-betting brands.. The brand has had a huge sponsorship presence in top-flight football, including partnerships with Sevilla, Wigan Athletic, Hull City FC, Newcastle and Crystal Palace.

“We’re excited to launch the managed affiliate program for 12BET’s new European sportsbook and casino on our software,” said Nicky Senyard, founder and CEO of Income Access

Are ‘Mini-Nukes’ The New Big Thing?

At the same time, however, last month the United States produced a plutonium pit — the core of a fission bomb — for the first time in 14 years. Other efforts include developing lasers and computers to simulate aspects of nuclear tests.

Nuclear Stockpiles: President Bush has agreed to dramatic reductions in the number of nuclear weapons in the U.S. According to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the move “restores the nation’s ability to make nuclear weapons,” and was needed so the Energy Department could replace pits found unsafe or destroyed through regular check-ups.

“How can we effectively seek to dissuade others from developing nuclear weapons while we are going forward with the development of new nuclear weapons ourselves?” Sen. has signed but not ratified — the administration says it has no plans to conduct a test. D. “nuclear strike capabilities” must be geared towards, according to a leaked copy of the report.

The 1993 low-yield ban that the current defense bill would delete stated that “it shall be the policy of the United States not to conduct research and development which could lead to the production by the United States of a new low-yield nuclear weapon, including a precision low-yield warhead.”

The move to clear the legal hurdles on manufacturing mini-nukes is part of a broad review of U.S. — did not prohibit designing a testing device with a yield below five kilotons, modifying an existing weapon for safety reasons or conducting research and development necessary “to address proliferation concerns.”

But the administration says smaller nuclear arms may eventually be needed to deal with the emerging threat of rogue states hoarding weapons of mass destruction.

Announcing its approval of the bill Friday, the Senate Armed Services committee stressed that nothing in the repeal means it has authorized “the testing, acquisition, or deployment of a low-yield nuclear weapon.”

“One way you ensure that there are no safe havens is to be able to go deep,” said Armed Services Committee chairman Rep. Edward Kennedy, the administration has budgeted $700 million for studying how testing might resume. Two had been recovered and three were still missing as of 5 p.m. conducted its last nuclear test in 1992, and while the White House opposes the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty — which the U.S. According to Sen. ET Sunday.

AP Photo/Canadian Press/Tim Krochak

“Nuclear weapons have a unique ability to destroy both agent containers and (Chemical and Biological Weapons),” reads a 2001 Pentagon study.

By Jarrett Murphy’s Jarrett Murphy takes a look at the prospects for the U.S. Crouch, the assistant secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, said in a briefing last year.

But some experts contend that no bomb of any size could go very deep, because the heavier the bomb, the harder the impact — and the harder the impact, the more likely the bomb would explode before it reached sufficient depth.

Testing — The U.S. A bomb of just one kiloton, detonated 30 meters below the earth, can open a crater wider than a football field, according to Princeton physicist Robert W. policy on nuclear weapons, which has included:

Bunker busters — For the second year in a row, the Energy Department is requesting $15 million to study the need for a Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP).

Supporters say these weapons might be necessary to deal with so-called “hard and deeply buried targets” in rogue states and terrorist camps, of which there might be 10,000 in the world.

The ban — named after sponsors Elizabeth Furse, D-Ore., retired, and John Spratt, D-S.C. Others contend that making more bombs is a bad idea if the U.S. development of low-yield nuclear weapons.

The Bush administration may get permission to create kinder, gentler or at least smaller nuclear weapons if Congress overturns a ban on doing so.

The defense appropriations bill now winding its way through the Hill contains a clause revoking the 1993 Spratt-Furse amendment, which prohibits the development of so-called “low-yield” nuclear weapons – bombs that pack a punch of less than five kilotons.

Copyright 2003 CBS. wants to stop proliferation.

Last year, the U.S. “Unless we do a lot more research and development and we find some quantum breakthrough in conventional systems, to go deep is going to require a nuclear capability.”

The Little Boy bomb dropped on Hiroshima delivered around 15 kilotons. Five people watching the surf from Hurricane Bill were swept out to sea at Acadia National Park in Maine. All rights reserved.

Defense officials said in 2002 that at present, the U.S could go from the decision to test to a trial run in two to three years. arsenal. In the modern U.S. Dianne Feinstein, a California Democrat, asked recently.

A memo obtained by a British newspaper indicates that at a conference this summer, Defense and Energy department officials will consider questions like: “What is the uncertainty in confidence and potential risk threshold for a test recommendation–what would demand a test?”

But some members of Congress believe conventional weapons could do the same job, and worry that mini-nukes would blur the line between conventional and nuclear weapons. Last May, he and Russian President Vladimir Putin agreed to slash their active arsenals by nearly two-thirds, to 1700 to 2200 warheads each, within 10 years. The Foster Panel, which studied the testing issue last year, recommended improvements that would allow a test within three months to a year of deciding to do so.

However, the administration is paying increasing attention to the possibility that it might at some point have to resume testing if there were a question about the reliability of the nation’s stockpile. “If you were to have a problem with a weapon system that you needed to rectify using a test, you would want to be able to do that faster,” J. Duncan Hunter, R.-Calif., last May. Nelson.

CAROUSEL – People watch as water breaches a rock wall at Lawrencetown, Nova Scotia, Canada, Sunday, August 23, 2009. spent more in real terms on atomic defense activities than since 1962.

Strategy — In its Nuclear Posture Review last year, the administration identified Iraq, Iran, Syria, Libya, North Korea as countries where “contingencies” could arise that U.S. . arsenal, the submarine-launched Mk-5 holds eight W88 warheads of 475 kilotons each.

A kiloton is equal to the explosive force of one thousand tons of TNT – Quality of Nuclear Devices Questioned – Politics | Republican Party | Democratic Party

The scientist spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the issue.

But Los Alamos and agency officials bristle at suggestions that the new triggers might be less reliable or have flaws that could affect their performance.. To scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, that was a milestone to celebrate. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Officials say the cost figures reflect the fact that new facilities and a new process for making the replacement triggers had to be developed. All rights reserved. For years, however, testing the warhead’s components to ensure the weapon produces the intended blast instead of a fizzle has been complicated by a lack of replacement plutonium triggers.

Last summer, the first replacement plutonium trigger in 18 years received “diamond stamp” approval signaling it was ready for use in a warhead. That required extensive computer modeling and testing to assure precise shape, size and weight and that the triggers meet performance requirements.

“With this large number of waivers, how is it possible to objectively tell whether the pit will even work?” said Danielle Brian, executive director of the group that monitors nuclear weapons-related activities. This process is viewed by metallurgists as producing a stronger product.

Copyright 2008 The Associated Press. So far, nine have earned the “diamond stamp” from the National Nuclear Security Administration, which oversees the lab’s programs. She posed that question in a letter last Friday to Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman.

A single trigger made at Rocky Flats cost less than $4 million. The bottom line _ the pits produced meet all functional quality requirements for use and are fully accepted by NNSA.”

The Project on Government Oversight says it was told by some Los Alamos scientists that the trigger certified last July and known as the W88 pit needed 72 waivers from the specifications used for the original triggers, including 53 engineering-related changes.

Because the U.S. He was on a panel that last year concluded the plutonium in warhead triggers is much sturdier than previously thought, with a life span of as much 100 years.

Precise manufacture of the trigger is essential.

The government will not say how many W88 warheads it has. The number has been estimated at about 400, in addition to an estimated 3,200 W76 warheads that also are designed for the submarine-based Trident II missile.

A watchdog group now is raising questions about whether the replacement triggers, also known as pits, can be guaranteed to be as reliable as those already in some 400 W88 warheads. JOSEF HEBERT, Associated Press Writer

At least one other replacement pit required 71 specification waivers, a Los Alamos scientist indirectly involved in the production process told The Associated Press. The original triggers were made with the benefit of underground nuclear testing, which the U.S. That, in turn, creates the high temperatures and pressure to ignite a “secondary” nuclear component. halted in 1992, and through a different process than the replacements. At Los Alamos, it has cost an estimated $430 million over 10 years to certify the first trigger. That difference in cost was noted by Brian in the letter to the energy secretary.

___ – Quality of Nuclear Devices Questioned – Politics | Republican Party | Democratic Party | Political Spectrum

Los Alamos National Laboratory:

Any variation or flaw in the pit could cause a warhead not to detonate properly or to detonate with less explosive power than expected.

Since last summer’s announcement, the Los Alamos lab has made 10 additional W88 triggers. no longer conducts underground nuclear tests, the Los Alamos scientists had to rely on other sources to replicate the original triggers and guarantee that the replacements would be as reliable as the old. Scientists at Los Alamos and at the government’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California concluded the change did not degrade the reliability of the triggers, according to NNSA.


Resting atop the Trident II missile, the W88 warhead is among the mainstays of the country’s submarine-based nuclear arsenal. The original triggers, all made at the now-closed Rocky Flats facility in Colorado, were hammered into precise form. Such approval means they are ready to use.

Raymond Jeanloz of the University of California at Berkeley, a longtime adviser to the government on nuclear weapons issues, said in an interview he is not surprised there have been some modification in the W88 warhead, but that does not mean it is less reliable.

Sunday, January 20, 2008

In an e-mail response to the watchdog group’s claims, Bernard Pleau, a spokesman for the agency’s office at Los Alamos, said the changes do not “compromise the integrity of the parts. These means included small-scale plutonium tests, technical data from past underground tests, and computer codes and models.

Project on Government Oversight:

By H. The last of the original triggers were manufactured in the late 1980s.

The government acknowledges differences between the old triggers and their replacements.

The new ones were made by using a mold to cast the grapefruit-size plutonium sphere. It meant the warheads, after testing that makes the original trigger unsuitable for reuse, could be reassembled with a new trigger and put back into service.

“The manufacturing process for the W88 has been incredibly, thoroughly vetted,” said Jeanloz. In a warhead’s detonation, a conventional explosive packaged around the pit compresses the plutonium inward, creating enough pressure for an atomic chain reaction. The result is a a massive hydrogen blast.

Kevin Roark, a spokesman for the Los Alamos weapons program said the changes in specifications “have been fully explored, fully vetted and fully accepted by NNSA and engineering analysis (conducted) by us.”

National Nuclear Security Administration:

The agency acknowledged there were “more than 70 engineering authorizations” _ as it characterizes the waivers _ approved in the new W88 pit certification and that this was a “relative high number.”

On the Net:

The change in manufacturing process, from wrought to cast, has been a subject of debate and extensive analysis among those involved in nuclear weapons

Long range products tanker rates keep gains for now | Energy & Oil | Reuters

That compared with W114.72 or $20,012 a day on Wednesday and

W114.95 or $20,386 a day last Thursday.

Long-Range 1 tankers, carrying 55,000 tonne loads from the

Middle East Gulf to Japan, reached W123.15 in the Worldscale

measure, or $13,180 a day when translated into average earnings

and were at their highest since mid-June of this year.

“Rates for the biggest clean tankers heading to Japan from

the Middle East have clung on to the W115.0 level all week,”

broker Braemar ACM said.

Rates for medium-range (MR) tankers for 37,000 tonne cargoes

on the TC2 route from Rotterdam to New York were W93.86, or

$2,183 a day.

LONDON Aug 8 (Reuters) – Long-range clean tanker rates

remained firm this week although a likely slowdown in bookings

was expected to cap the pace of gains in coming days.

Larger Long-Range 2 or LR2, 75,000 tonne shipments on the

Middle East Gulf to Japan route were at W114.72 or $20,445 a day

on Thursday, the latest Baltic Exchange data showed.

That compared with W121.90 or $12,341 a day on Wednesday and

W117.05 or $10,950 a day last Thursday.

That compared with W88.18 or $814 a day on Wednesday and

W94.38 or negative at -$803 last Thursday.


“At the start of the week, owners were clinging on to the

recent wave of improved sentiment, but as the market focus moves

to September, a gradual decline in enquiry and a build-up of

available tonnage started to put pressure on levels.”

Are there still operational, targeted nuclear weapons, on ballistic missiles, which would explode as they hit the ground to form a crater kilometres across and hundreds of metres deep, unlike air burst nuclear explosions, from cruise missile delivery?

The U.S. To comply with the START II most US multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles, or MIRVs, have been eliminated and replaced with single warhead missiles. The bomber force consists of 94 B-52s, and 19 B-2s. These are all of the Minuteman III ICBM variants. The Strategic Air Command which for decades had kept nuclear weapons aboard bomber aircraft aloft 24 hours a day was disbanded in 1992 and merged into the US Strategic Command. maintains about 400 nuclear gravity bombs capable of use by F-15, F-16, and F-35. – Heavy bomber group:

The US Air Force also operates a strategic nuclear bomber fleet. Some Trident missiles are equipped with the W88 warhead.. Peacekeeper missiles were phased out of the Air Force inventory in 2005. Other warheads are in some step of the disassembly process.”

“- Land-based intercontinental ballistic and cruise missiles (ICBMs)

The US Air Force currently operates about 450-500 ICBMs at around 15 missile complexes located primarily in the northern Rocky Mountain states and the Dakotas. The first Minuteman III were removed under this plan in 2007 while, at the same time, the warheads deployed on Minuteman IIIs began to be upgraded from smaller W62s to larger W87s from decommissioned Peacekeeper missiles.

- Sea-based ICBMs:

The US Navy currently has 14 SSBN Ohio-class submarines deployed. All USAF Minuteman II missiles have been destroyed in accordance to START and their launch silos sealed or sold to the public. However, since the abandonment of the START II treaty, the U.S. is said to be considering retaining 500 warheads on 450 missiles. Sea-launch weapons make up the majority of weapons declared under START II rules. Approximately 12 U.S. All 64 B-1s were retrofitted to operate in a solely conventional mode by 2007 and are no longer counted as nuclear forces.

In addition to this, the US armed forces can also deploy tactical smaller nuclear weapons either through cruise missiles or with conventional fighter-bombers. Each submarine is equipped with a complement of 24 Trident II missiles. Some 350 of these bombs are deployed at seven airbases in six European NATO countries[11]; of these, 180 tactical B61 nuclear bombs fall under a nuclear sharing arrangement.”

Source and further information:

“For 2007, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists listed the U.S. with about 5,400 total nuclear warheads: around 3,575 strategic and 500 nonstrategic warheads; and about 1,260 additional warheads held in the inactive stockpile. goal under the SORT treaty is to reduce from 1,600 warheads deployed on over 500 missiles in 2003 to 500 warheads on 450 missiles in 2012. attack submarines are equipped to launch, but do not currently carry nuclear Tomahawk missiles. The U.S

CNN – Report: Stolen data gives China advanced nuclear know-how

State Department issues travel warning for China

May 10, 1999

According to the Cox report, China penetrated U.S. “Ballistic and space launch programs have long been intertwined.”

According to investigators, the CIA first learned of the extent of the Chinese espionage in 1995 when a Chinese national approached the agency and turned over a secret Chinese government document.

Also among the purloined blueprints for weapons of mass destruction: the W-88 warhead, described as “the most sophisticated nuclear weapon the United States has ever built.”

The report credits Energy Secretary Bill Richardson for making long-needed security improvements to the nation’s vulnerable nuclear labs, run by the Department of Energy.

“It means that we’re going to be preparing ourselves to defend against American technology used against us,” said Rep.


Details of the Cox report have been trickling out for weeks amid a growing criticism of the Clinton administration’s response to fix the security lapse after it was exposed in 1995.

‘China’s appetite … Such information would likely find its way into the PRC’s ballistic missile program,” the congressional report said.

“It’s not good news,” he said. Christopher Cox (R-California), chairman of the House select committee that conducted the year-long investigation.

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Chinese knowledge increased by decades

The report also reveals allegations that China stole design information about U.S. “The world is a lot less safer today as a consequence of these thefts.”


Shelby: Reno should resign over China espionage probe

May 23, 1999

Report: China benefited from stolen nuclear secrets

May 20, 1999

Congressman calls alleged Chinese spying ‘grave’

May 16, 1999

Sources: Report finds China stole ‘sensitive’ nuclear data

May 14, 1999

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May 13, 1999

Senate spotlights nuclear security lapses

May 12, 1999

U.S. satellite manufacturers Loral Corp. submarine radar technology and illegally obtained secrets about U.S. missile guidance systems through satellite launch deals with American companies.

“It means that in addition to paying for our own defense, we are actually paying to arm a potential adversary,” Cox said.

. nuclear labs, stealing secrets about the U.S. neutron bomb and every warhead in the U.S. and Hughes Electronics allegedly gave China unauthorized design information. design information during the next decade, according to a congressional report on Chinese nuclear espionage that will be released officially Tuesday.

In March, Richardson fired a longtime scientist at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, Wen Ho Lee, because of security violations as well as suspicions of espionage.


Chinese Embassy to the U.S.

Office of the Director of Central Intelligence

Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China

China Today

Department of Energy

Department of Justice

  • Attorney General Janet Reno

The White House

  • National Security Council

  • Biography of Samuel Berger

Los Alamos National Laboratory

‘It’s not good news’

May 24, 1999

Web posted at: 10:42 p.m. “To advertise in some cases something about their strength that they want you to know; in other cases, to promote disinformation.”

“What the PRC (People’s Republic of China) has stolen has enabled them to jump over decades of incremental development that were necessary, for example, for the United States,” said Cox.

Cox also has accused China of obtaining information through the use of “front companies” in the United States — a method he said is “far broader than previously realized.”

The CIA later determined that the person who turned over the document worked for Chinese intelligence.

The report by his committee said “China’s appetite for information and technology appears to be insatiable and the energy devoted to the task enormous.”

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But following the failures of some of those launches, U.S. companies seeking waivers to launch satellites on Chinese rockets.

The sharpest criticism for the theft of U.S. intelligence has determined the technology espionage by the Chinese, dating back to the late 1970s and continuing through the 1980s and ’90s, “has leaped, in a handful of years, from 1950s-era strategic nuclear capabilities to the more modern thermonuclear weapon design.”

WASHINGTON (CNN) — China could begin production of advanced thermonuclear weapons based on stolen U.S. nuclear secrets is directed toward the Clinton administration and how slowly it reacted when word of the espionage surfaced.

The report concludes: Chinese “penetration of our national weapons laboratories spans at least the past several decades and almost certainly continues today.”

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Those weapons “may be tested in 1999 and could be deployed as soon as 2002,” the report states.

“Some of the most significant thefts have occurred during the last four years,” Cox said.

According to the report, U.S. insatiable’

All of the weapons could target the United States.

“In many cases, a little piece of information might seem innocuous, but if you collect enough of them through the so-called matrix technique … nuclear arsenal — including those for the MX Peacekeeper and Minuteman III missiles.

“It does make one wonder how it is, how others who possessed this information could so readily have dismissed it, or not acted upon it,” Cox said.

The House investigative committee was formed in the wake of accusations that campaign contributions might have influenced the Clinton administration to give favorable trade treatment to U.S. you can learn a great deal about military matters in the United States,” Cox said.

Bob Franken and Pierre Thomas contributed to this report.

“There are a number of reasons that intelligence services direct information this way,” Cox said